elephant

Elephants are large mammals. Three species are currently recognised: the African bush elephant, the African forest elephant, and the Asian elephant.

 

Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan AfricaSouth Asia, and Southeast Asia

All elephants have several features, the most obvious is a long trunk, used for breathing, lifting water, and grasping objects.

 

The have two large teeth which grow into tusks and can serve as weapons and tools for moving objects and digging.

 

Elephants' large ear flaps help to control their body temperature.

 

Their pillar-like legs can carry their great weight. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs while Asian elephants have smaller ears and convex or level backs.

Elephants are herbivores and can be found in different habitats including savannahs, forests, deserts, and marshes. They prefer to stay near water. 

African elephants are listed as vulnerable while the Asian elephant is classed as endangered. One of the biggest threats to elephant populations is the ivory trade, as the animals are poached for their ivory tusks.